Monthly Archives: September 2018
A couple of Russian passport holders — just your average tourists, you know — pass through Heathrow.
To my first impression, heavies. Bit of a swagger to them.
Just two days later, they pass out again.
Quick trip, lads! Were you on a stag weekend?
And nobody — all those immigration/emigration bean-counters ‚ asked why. All that facial recognition and passport computerisation didn’t offer a twitch?
After five years of Theresa Mary May running the Home Office, immigration, and all the rest.
What were we paying her for?
Only yesterday I was having a whinge about Jasper Fforde’s new novel:
Now I find that, if one removes the dust-cover from Robert Harris’s Munich, this is the hard-back:
No author. No title. No publisher identification. No blurb (at least that‘s a good move).
Arty. But unhelpful. Perhaps the book isn’t expected to outlive its dust-cover.
Where’s my well-worn copy of Eric Partridge when I need it? I’m convinced he said something scathing about double negatives. If not Partridge, it must be Fowler: these avicidal surnames confuse an old man.
Which follows from an encounter, yesterday, with this badge (left). How can one be ‘against’ something ‘anti-‘: doesn’t that make one ‘pro-‘~?
There cannot be many who have escaped awareness of the mess into which the British Labour Party has dragged itself. Nor has yet emerged from the self-induced filth.
Those who, like me, know and love the Party and all its works, also know Kenneth Grahame’s adage needs little change:
Believe me, my young friend, there is nothing — absolutely nothing — half so much worth doing as simply messing about in boats words.
Dissecting a harmless sub-clause can keep a party meeting engaged for hours. The further left the barrack room lawyer, the more Byzantine the argument. Keep blathering long enough, the other side drift home or to the pub. Mission accomplished.
All and sundry should resort, forthwith, to what the Home Affairs Select Committee declared on the IHRA and EUMC definition of antisemitism. If that’s too great a stretch, focus on paragraphs 23 to 25 (they come suitably emphasised in the text).
If even that overtaxes the understanding, there’s the two caveats in para 24:
It is not antisemitic to criticise the Government of Israel, without additional evidence to suggest antisemitic intent.
It is not antisemitic to hold the Israeli Government to the same standards as other liberal democracies, or to take a particular interest in the Israeli Government’s policies or actions, without additional evidence to suggest antisemitic intent.
If the NEC and the leadership (there really should be a term for a one-word ‘oxymoron’) had copied that, and applied it to disciplinary matters months ago, all of this could have been avoided. In short, what happened yesterday, too late and too mealy-mouthed, was to arrive there.
We now need to refer to the document acquired by Robert Peston:
Rare defeat for @jeremycorbyn at NEC. He wanted attached personal statement by him to be endorsed by NEC as clarification of IHRA definition of antisemitism. He withdrew statement when clear NEC would not accept it pic.twitter.com/k74Ky7KoAE
— Robert Peston (@Peston) September 4, 2018
Typically (and we are told these one-and-a-half pages are Jeremy Corbyn’s own homework) it wanders on a bit. for particular study there’s this bit:
… it cannot be considered racist to treat Israel like any other state or assess its conduct against the standards of international law. Nor should it be regarded as antisemitic to describe Israel, its policies or the circumstances around its foundation as racist … [My emphasis]
Huh? Does that apply to the Partition Plan of 29 November 1947? Should we double-think the Egyptian, Jordanian, Syrian and Iraqi attempt to ‘drive the jews into the sea’?
So, a bit of real history here:
- Before the outbreak of War, there was already a poisonous mix in the British Mandate of Palestine. There were frequent bombings of Arab markets in Jerusalem, Haifa, and Jaffa: then and now it was disputed whether these were Jewish outrages or Arab provocateurs. The Woodhead Commission worked through 1938 to devise a partition plan that was instantly discarded as impractical. When a commission fails, call a conference: that happened in London through early 1939. All it proved was any hypothetical solution would founder on the solidarity of the Arab nations with the Palestinians.
- 17 March 1939: the British plan was published. There was intended an independent Palestine, with a British Treaty relationship within ten years, and Arabs and Jews (with British ‘advisers’) sharing government in such a way as to ensure that the essential interests of each community are safeguarded. There was a further proposal to limit jewish immigration to 75,000 — so totalling one third of the entire population.
- 23 May 1939: this plan came to the House of Commons as Command Paper No. 6019, and passed by 268 to 179. Except the government had a notional majority of something around 200. Worldwide Jewry denounced the creation of a ‘territorial ghetto’. What deferred matters was the outbreak of War, with the Zionist organisations and agencies declaring for Britain.
- 13 August 1945: the World Zionist Congress put down a marker that Palestine be opened to a million Jews. US President Truman went some way to concurring, demanding that 100,000 jewish refugees be admitted immediately.
- 20 October 1945: Egypt, Iraq, Syria and Lebanon informed the US that the creation of a jewish state in Palestine would lead to war.
- 22 July 1946: the bombing of the King David Hotel and 91 dead spurred the need to ‘do something’. The ‘something’ was yet another London conference (September to December), this one boycotted by the Zionists (who were meeting in Zurich, and calling for a Jewish state) with the Arabs repeating their demand for an Arab-dominated state of Palestine.
- 7 February 1947: the British proposed a division of Palestine into two zones, under a trusteeship administration. Predictably this was rejected by all sides.
- 2 April 1947: one can detect the despair with which the British government referred the Mandate back to the United Nations. The UN created yet another committee.
- 29 November 1947: that UN committee, on a majority vote, opted for partition into two states, under a UN trusteeship. This was accepted by Palestinian Jews and world Zionists, but totally rejected by Arabs.
- 17 December 1947: the Arab League declared it would stop any partition by force. Arab raids on jewish communities commenced. The jewish defence was organised through Irgun and Haganah, and took the form of retributive terrorism. In the disorder, the jewish terrorists were the more successful, and Arab refugees fled the country. Britain recognised the situation was beyond control, and withdrew its forces.
- 14 May 1947: the British Mandate expired. David Ben-Gurion proclaimed the State of Israel (with Chaim Weizmann president) — both the US and the USSR immediately granted recognition.
- Egyptian, Lebanese, Syrian, Jordanian and Iraqi forces attempted an armed take-over. Benny Morris reckons the Arab leadership knew they were on a hiding to nothing, but their populaces were so wound up they had to persist. He notes Abdullah of Jordan was the exception: the Jordanian aim was limited, to defend the West Bank — and that was secured. Grimly, he attributes the majority of atrocities to the Israelis, but fell short of ethnic cleansing.
Does this fall short of Jeremy Corbyn’s belief (see above) that it is not antisemitic to describe Israel, its policies or the circumstances around its foundation as racist? To my mind, most definitely so. The Arab states had intended a Jew-free (or, at the very least, a dominated Jewish minority) Palestine — note the repeated use of the term Judenrein. Jews were expelled across the Arab nations. Arab media encouraged the flight of Palestinian Arabs: those who remained were denounced as ‘traitors’. On the other hand, Golda Meir (then running the Political Department of the Jewish Agency) deplored the Arab flight — she made the comparison with the escapes from Nazism. The Mayor of Haifa, a Jew, urged the Arab residents to stay.
1948 and the subsequent revisits are nasty, horrible and damnable episodes in Middle Eastern history. Neither side has clean hands.
We need to hear from the Beloved Leader, his puppet-masters and mouthpieces what their alternative history of 1948 is supposed to be.
And — great leaping lizards! — just now they need all the respect they can get.
It’s also a good day to remember St Cuthbert. Probably better today than the ordained day (20th March) which inevitably falls in Lent. Today is the ‘translation’ of St Cuthbert. Those who know their Latin paradigms are already rehearsing:
ferro, ferre, tuli, latum
That’s page 86, section 136, of my much-battered ‘New Impression’ (1926) of Kennedy’s Revised Latin Primer (originally from 1888).
Poor old Cuthbert got carted around much of Northumbria. He had originally been planted, barely losing blood heat, at Lindisfarne on 20 March 687. Eleven years later he was exhumed, and according to Bede, his corpse was intact and uncorrupted. Almost from the start he became a valuable item: he had numerous miracles to his name, and his shrine at Lindisfarne was a destination for pilgrims. That tourist boon allowed Aidan’s original wooden monastery to be rebuilt in stone — but attracted the attention of Viking raiders.
Too many ‘English history’ books say that attack on Lindisfarne (AD793) was the ‘first’ Viking raid on Britain. Correction: it was the first recorded raid. Because monks were uniquely the recorders and chroniclers of the time, their version was definitive, and their communication-system — especially Alcuin at Charlemain’s court — made sure it was known across christian Europe.
A pause for Viking captives
My bed-time reading (by which I mean the book beside my bed) has been Thomas Williams’ Viking Britain.
Here is Williams (page 63-64):
Monks may have been of less value as sex-slaves, and men were probably valued primarily as manual labour, often carried back to Scandinavia to work the farms of landowners where they, as well as female slaves, would have been expected to undertake the hardest and foulest work. Recent research has even suggested the institution of slave ‘plantations’ in parts of Scandinavia, where imported workers were housed in cramped conditions and forced to mass-produce textiles for the export market. There they were known as Ƿrælar (‘thralls’), a word that survives in modern English with something close to its original meaning (to be in ‘thrall’ to something is to be captivated by it). The low regard in which these unfortunate folk were held can be gauged by a poem, written down — in the only surviving version — in the thirteenth or fourteenth century, but probably preserving a much older text and ideas. It describes the mythologized origins of social castes in Scandinavia and lists the sort of pejorative names and menial tasks thought suitable for the children of a thrall (‘slave’; ON Ƿræll) or thrall-woman (ON Ƿír):
I think their names were Big-mouth and Byreboy,
Stomp and Stick-boy, Shagger and Stink,
Stumpy and Fatso, Backward and Grizzled,
Bent-back and Brawny; they set up farms,
shovelled shit on the fields, worked with pigs,
guarded goats and dug the turf.
Their daughters were Dumpy and Frumpy,
Swollen-calves and Crooked-nose,
Screamer and Serving-girl, Chatterbox,
Tatty-coat and Cranelegs,
from them have come the generations of slaves.
When I read on ultra-nationalist web-pages and the like about how the Irish were abused over the centuries, I also recall that the slave-markets of Viking Dublin, Cork and Limerick were where this human flesh was sourced.
All the ‘trans-lation’ (i.e. carrying about)
The monks who survived the Lindisfarne raid traipsed their precious saintly relic around Northumbria, including Melrose Abbey. After seven years the procession brought the remains to Chester-le-Street (the church still bears the dedication to St Cuthbert). For a while Chester-le-Street was the seat of a bishop, and the home of Cuthbert and the Lindisfarne gospels. There, too, the Gospels received their first English version.
In AD995, with more trouble from Scandinavians in prospect, Cuthbert was again on the move: first to Ripon, and finally to Durham. By some spiritual means, Cuthbert got a message through that he’d had enough of this shuffling about, and wished to stay put at Durham. So they built a ‘white church’ around him, to be greatly improved by William de St-Calais and his successors in the see.
One doesn’t need to journey far in former Northumbria (‘the land north of the Humber’) to meet with his name featured on schools, churches and more.
Durham Cathedral will, for a small contribution to funds, allow one to see St Cuthbert’s pectoral cross:
Expect, too, to see that as an emblem on flags and badges of the County Palatine of Durham.
Toward the end of Works and Days Hesiod laid out the lucky and unlucky days, presumably collecting every superstition to hand:
Mark the days which come from Zeus, duly telling your slaves of them, and that the thirtieth day of the month is best for one to look over the work and to deal out supplies. […]
Avoid the thirteenth of the waxing month for beginning to sow: yet it is the best day for setting plants.
The sixth of the mid-month is very unfavourable for plants, but is good for the birth of males, though unfavourable for a girl either to be born at all or to be married. Nor is the first sixth a fit day for a girl to be born, but a kindly for gelding kids and sheep and for fencing in a sheep-cote. It is favourable for the birth of a boy, but such will be fond of sharp speech, lies, and cunning words, and stealthy converse.
The whole prescription is so complicated it seems better to stay in bed.
The essence of all that came down to the early Mediævals as ‘Egyptian Days’, the two days in a month that were ill-omened. In September, these were the third and the twenty-first of the month:
God made Adam the fyrst day of ye moone
And the second day Eve good dedis to doon
The iij day then was Cayn borne
Begynne not on that day till over ye morne [Bodleian, Digby 88, folio 60]
William of Newburgh observed that Richard I (Coeur de Lion)’s coronation (3 September 1189) happened on one of the dies mali (and, if that looks like ‘dismal’, there’s an etymology). It so transpired: a massacre of Jews in London ensued.
Luck depends on which way one looks at it: 3 September was when Oliver Cromwell did for the Scots at Dunbar (1650) and for the last of the Royalists at Worcester (1651) — but it was also his death:
… he did appoint his Son to succeed him, his eldest Son, Richard; and so expired upon the third day of September 1658, a day he thought always very propitious to him, and on which he had triumphed for two of his greatest victories. And this now was a day very memorable for the greatest storm of Wind that had ever been known, for some hours before and after his death, which overthrew Trees, Houses, and made great Wrecks at Sea … [Clarendon, bk xv]
For the UK and France, 3 September 1939, was the expiry of the ultimatum to Germany.
Oh, and I nearly forgot the Princess Alice disaster (1878).
As far back as last January The Economist was saying:
You’ll still find that one popping up on Twitter.
I thought then, and repeat now:
The most successful idea of the past 400 years is scientific method.
For some reason, the Washington Post has resurrected a ‘version’ of
It does so, referring to an article in Ireland’s History magazine. About the only peg the Post can hang this one on is what happened at Strängnäs in Stockholm.
So far just the three, possibly four misrepresentations:
- Thomas Blood (1617/1618 to 1680) was no colonel (except in his own representation)
- He didn’t ‘try’ to steal Great Britain’s crown jewels: he did do the business.
- It’s not Ireland’s History magazine. It’s History Ireland. And the source turns out to be a book review from 2004.
- The Strängnäs theft involved ‘crown jewels’, not because they had any part in State ceremonials, but only in the sense that they were the property of the royal family —
part of the funeral regalia of King Charles XI and Christina the Elder, both buried in the 17th century at the Strangnas Cathedral. The jewels, officials said, would have been buried with the monarchs but were later removed and placed in a glass case for public viewing.
It will have blood, they say. Blood will have blood
The History Ireland piece may not be more surely grounded than the WaPo one. It kicks off:
Thomas Blood was born in County Clare around 1618…
The DNB version (which comes with cited evidence) differs:
born at Sarney, co. Meath. His early life is obscure, but it was later claimed that his father (who was possibly Neptune Blood) was a blacksmith and ironworker, ‘serious, honest and of no inferior credit’.
In 1654-5 he asserted he was a ‘gentleman’ on grounds of owning 220 acres of land at Sarney. If we prefer to the Calendar of the State Papers, Relating to Ireland Preserved in the Public Record Office, page 133, we find Blood owning a small house at Dunboyne, with an income of £100 a year from his ‘ancient inheritance’. Anyone unclear of those two locations will find them cheek-by-jowl just off the M3.
There is evidence that Blood (or Blude) served under the Royalist Sir Lewis Dyve in the Civil War. When Blood was in the hottest water, he claimed service under Prince Rupert (who went character witness for him as a ‘very stout bold fellow’). Quite when and how, though, Blood seems to have switched sides — which might suggest he was somehow attached to General George Monck, who also swung both ways: that service would renew Blood’s Irish connection.
The change of allegiance was confirmed by marriage to the daughter of Lt-Col John Holcroft, a parliamentarian. Of the six children to this marriage, Holcroft Blood became the Duke of Marlborough’s general of artillery, and Charles Blood an informer for the Duke of York. The Blood family were back to County Meath between 1651 and 1660, loyal to parliament and the reformed church, receiving the commendation of lord deputy Henry Cromwell..
With the restoration of Charles II Stewart, Blood’s previous came back to haunt him — especially in the person of the incoming Lord Lieutenant, the Duke of Ormond. When Ormond snatched some of Blood’s lands as part of the Restoration settlement, Blood sought revenge.
This led to the ‘Blood plot’ of May 1663, to seize Dublin Castle and the Lord Lieutenant. The plot was betrayed by a paid informant, Philip Alden. Blood urged the plotters to go ahead. Seven MPs were expelled from parliament for complicity, and an eighth, Col. Alexander Jephson, was hanged (15 July 1663 — see Prendergast, pp266-7) ). Blood was now ‘on the run’ with a price on his head.
He had a sequence of close escapes in the Irish countryside, in returning to visit his wife, in visiting his in-laws in Lancashire, in conspiring with unrepentant Cromwellians in London (where he also escaped the Plague and the Great Fire), in being around the Covenanters’ abortive Pentland Rising (November 1666).
Blood will out
Blood adopted a quieter life as a quack-doctor (‘Dr Aycliff’ and ‘Dr Allen’ — watch this second alias) in Shoreditch, with his wife and family. The eldest son, Thomas Blood was apprenticed to an apothecary (but was involved in his father’s later exploits, and took to highway robbery under the name ‘Hunt’).
Starting in 1667 Blood (the elder) began a history of extraordinary episodes:
- His plot-mate, Captain John Mason, was on his way, under guard, to trial and (almost certain) execution at York. At Darrington (where the low-on-fuel warning comes up, just after the last convenient filling-station on the A1) Blood led a rescue party. Five of the escort-guards were shot; Blood himself took a heavy flesh-wound — but was recognised.
- In 1670 ‘Dr Allen‘ (see above) and four others way-laid the duke of Ormond in his coach, heading home to Clarence House. It was alleged the aim was to whisk Ormond to Tyburn and string him up. Ormond may have been over sixty, but was no easy catch. He fought back. His assailants fired at him — missed — and left the scene in haste. A committee of the House of Lords had three of the attackers identified as Thomas Blood (alias Dr Allen, Aylett, Aylofe, or Aleck), Thomas Blood junior (alias Hunt), and Richard Halliwell (alias Holloway). Blood’s head-bounty was increased to £1000, and he took refuge in Holland (which would provide a good base for a potential double-agent).
- Six months later, Talbot Edwards, the deputy keeper of the Crown Jewels (making a few bob on the side), had a request to view from ‘Dr Ayliffe’ and his wife. The good doctor’s wife was taken ill, and Edwards had her taken to his private quarters to recover. In the process ‘Dr Ayliffe’ proposed a marriage between Edward’s daughter and his love-struck ‘nephew’ (none other than afore-noted Thomas Blood). Come wedding-day, ‘Dr Ayliffe’ brought with him his party: they included Captain Robert Perot (or ‘Perratt’ who would hang for his involvement in the Monmouth Rebellion), and Richard Halliwell (see above). ‘Dr Ayliffe’ suggested a viewing of the sparklers as part of the hospitality. Edwards agreed, and all progressed to the Martin Tower. There Edwards was grabbed, gagged with a convenient wooden plug, and told to stay stumm. He didn’t, was silenced with several blows to the head, and stabbed just enough to prove the willing.
By blood a king, in heart a clown (Tennyson)
The Crown jewels taken! What next?
There was a share out. Blood took the crown, Perot the orb, Thomas Blood tried to cut the sceptre in two.
Edwards’ son made an unexpected return from foreign parts (there are more coincidences here than a Dickens’ novel), found his wounded father, and raised the alarm. Blood was doing his runner, and went arse-over-tit, tripping over a cart-handle — and was arrested.
With all the prime suspects in choky, Thomas Blood Junior went for broke, and demanded a face-to-face with Charles II Stewart himself. Probably amazed by the presumption, his majesty agreed.
12 May 1671: the king and the thief met. Blood made a partial confession, edged with his usual inventions, and was asked:
— What you would do if your life were spared?
— I would endeavour to deserve it.
Blood went back to the Tower. His fate became entangled in the ‘declaration of indulgence’ (15 March 1672), intended to placate the non-conformists as a war with the Dutch loomed. A warrant for Blood’s release was delivered to the Tower by Henry Bennet (the Earl of Arlington and pander to royalty). Blood hastened to be seen, quaffing and swanning around Whitehall. A month later, Blood had a full pardon, his Irish lands restored, and a pension of £500 a year.
From face to foot, he was a man of Blood
It was the Popish Plot that did for Blood.
His tenuous (?) link with Buckingham came adrift when he was inveigled into the scheme of ever-upwardly-mobile Thomas Osborne, earl of Danby, to concoct a charge of sodomy against Buckingham. When the plot fell apart, all kinds of excrement hit the ventilator (there’s another post, Malcolm!). Blood and others were consigned to the Gatehouse prison.
Blood caught gaol fever. Despite being released, it was only to die. Which he did, 24 August 1680.
Even then the legend followed him. The authorities had to exhume his corpse from Tothill Fields to show he really had deceased.
A big mystery
A small legacy
Blood gave all the tokens of being a ‘sincere protestant’, in the Cromwellian tradition. He was convinced that his ‘deliverances’ during the 1660s were divinely-inspired. He listed and recorded these in a note-book. That came into the possession of Samuel Pepys after Blood’s capture in 1671.
I learn that 1st September is just that, in Japan. Apparently it celebrates the Kantō earthquake of 1923, which took out the port city of Yokohama at a cost of an estimated 143,000 dead.
So, provided we get to midnight in the farthest Aleutians without trouble, it looks as if the ‘prevention’ has worked. At least for today.
Since the partridge is now in season, I doubt that the UK-resident Perdix perdix feels happy.